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Installing Python 3.1.3 on Ubuntu 10.10

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This quick guide allowed me to install Python 3.1.3 on an Ubuntu 10.10 stack. Not sure about the libraries that come with it, so I may need to do a follow up to compile in some extra goodies. Worth noting is that 10.10 comes with Python 2.6 I think, but I wanted to get a fresh one in and integrate it with Apache2 properly.

The following are the steps I performed to get the Python 3.1.3 binary installed:

wget http://python.org/ftp/python/3.1.3/Python-3.1.3.tgz
tar -xvzf Python-3.1.3.tgz
rm Python-3.1.3.tgz
cd Python-3.1.3/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/python3.1.3
make test
sudo make install
sudo ln -s /usr/local/python3.1.3/bin/python3.1 /usr/bin/python3.1.3
rm -rf Python-3.1.3/

Okay good. Python's up and running. Test it by running python3.1.3 in the terminal, executing whatever you want.

Now, setup apache to compile python files:

sudo apt-get install -y libapache2-mod-python

You'll now need to open your apache config file (default, or site/domain specific) and add the following to the vhost declarations:

AddHandler mod_python .py
PythonHandler mod_python.publisher
PythonDebug On

This enables *.py files to be executed. Alternatively, there is an option to develop using *.psp files, which allows you to write python inline in the following format:

<h1><% req.write("Hello!") %></h1>

Note that only *.py files or *.psp files can be activated by Apache at once (well, I tried having them both, and it didn't work). Throw in the following apache directives for the psp files:

AddHandler mod_python .psp
PythonHandler mod_python.psp
PythonDebug On

There ya have it. Beginning to end took me maybe 2 hours, which is pretty descent. 10.10 comes with python already installed, so maybe all of this wasn't necessary, but at least I have it up and running within Apache now, ready to start serving page :)

Links that helped:

Welcome to Ubuntu: Howto: Install Python 2.5.5 on Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx
Embedding Python In Apache2 With mod_python (Debian Etch)